Code
FS 18
Title

Mines produced in the UK and in service with UK Armed Forces

Author Source - US State Department
Date Oct 1997
Mines produced in the UK

ADDER Antitank Mine

Case Material: Metal

Length: 1500 mm

Shape: Cylinder

Mine Type: Antitank

Effect: Side attack

Detectability: Visually detectable.

The ADDER is an advanced side-attack mine under development by the UK. It is essentially a LAW 80 shoulder fired infantry weapon mounted on a tripod attached to a sensor package. The mine uses acoustic sensors to identify approaching targets and to turn on the secondary IR sensor. When a valid target passes into the field of view of the sensor, the rocket is fired, destroying the target.

AHM Antihelicopter Mine

Case Material: Metal

Shape: Cylinder

Mine Type: Anti-helicopter

Effect: Explosively formed penetrators

Self Destruction: Yes

Self Neutralise: No

Detectability: Visually detectable.

The AHM is an anti-helicopter mine currently under development by the UK. The mine has a dual acoustic/IR sensor and a multiple explosively formed penetrator (EFP) warhead. After the mine is emplaced, the acoustic sensor listens for a valid noise signature. The mine then aims the warhead toward the noise and turns on the IR sensor which is located coaxially with the warhead. The mine is detonated when the IR sensor acquires a valid target. The EFP's have sufficient energy to do significant damage to a helicopter.

APAJAX Antitank Mine

Case Material: Plastic

Length: 1100 mm

Shape: Cylinder

Mine Type: Antitank

Effect: Side attack

Total Weight: 12 to 15 kg

Self Destruction: No

Self Neutralise: No

Detectability: Visually detectable.

The APAJAX is an advanced side-attack mine under development by the UK. This mine is essentially a APILAS shoulder fired infantry weapon mounted on a tripod attached to a AJAX sensor package. The mine uses acoustic sensors to identify approaching targets and to turn on the secondary IR sensor. When a valid target passes into the field of view of the sensor, the rocket is fired, destroying the target.

 

DORIS Antipersonnel Mine

Case Material: Plastic

Shape: Conical

Mine Type: Antipersonnel

Effect: Shaped charge

Total Weight: 0.142 kg

Self Destruction: No

Self Neutralise: No

Detectability: Very difficult with hand-held detector, low metal content

content.

The DORIS is a antipersonnel blast/shape-charge mine produced by the United Kingdom. The DORIS is very similar to the Canadian C3A1 and the US M25 antipersonnel mines. The major difference is that the DORIS is emplaced in the ground as a complete assembly and then armed by removing the safety clip. The C3A1 and the M25 mines first have the body assembly emplaced in the ground and then the charge assembly with safety clip are added. Additionally, the DORIS is slightly larger than the Canadian or US mines.

 

HB 876 Antitank Mine

Case Material: Metal

Shape: Cylinder

Mine Type: Antitank

Effect: Shaped charge

Total Weight: 2.4 kg

The HB-876 is a scatterable antitank mine which has a dual purpose warhead which will penetrate the belly of lightly armoured vehicles and produce high velocity slugs designed to damage personnel and equipment near the mine. The mine is delivered from the JP-233 and Hades submunition dispensers and was developed primarily for airfield denial. The unique design of the self-righting legs should force the orientation of the warhead to destroy any mineclearing equipment trying the move the mine.

 

IMP Antitank Mine

Case Material: Plastic

Length: 160 mm

Width: 92 mm

Shape: Rectangular

Mine Type: Antitank

Effect: Blast

Total Weight: >1.0 kg

Self Destruction: Yes

Self Neutralise: No

Detectability: Readily detectable due to fair amount of metallic content in the fuse assembly.

The developmental IMP mine has a plate charge warhead and an influence fuse. The mine's plate charge warhead is capable of penetrating the belly of all current main battle tanks. The primary advantage of this mine is its small size and light weight. It was designed to fit into the cargo pockets of combat fatigues.

 

L 14 A1 Antitank Mine

Country of Origin: France

Manufacturers: France, United Kingdom

Case Material: Metal

Length: 260 mm

Shape: Horizontal cylinder with stand

Mine Type: Antitank

Effect: Side attack

Total Weight: 12.0 kg

Detectability: Visually detectable.

The L 14 A1 is the British name for the French MI AC AH F1 side-attack mine which has been fielded in the British army. This mine is essentially a large plate charge which is mounted on a tripod. When the warhead is fired, the plate is formed into a slug which is propelled by the explosives, destroying the target. Although the mine is currently fired by a breakwire, it could be upgraded with an IR sensor.

 

L 3 Antitank Mine

Case Material: Plastic

Shape: Cylinder

Mine Type: Antitank

Effect: Blast

Total Weight: 7.7 kg

Detectability: Readily detectable due to fair amount of metallic content in fuse assembly.

The L 3 antitank mine was designed in the in the late fifties by the UK. This is a relatively simple, pressure-initiated, blast antitank mine. The plastic case does provide the mine with a non-metallic construction, however, there is a relatively large amount of metal in the fuse which should make the mine detectable.

 

L10A1 Antipersonnel Mine

Case Material: Metal

Shape: Cylinder

Mine Type: Antipersonnel

Effect: Blast

Total Weight: 0.11 kg

Self Destruction: No

Self Neutralise: No

Detectability: Readily detectable due to fair amount of metallic content in fuse assembly.

The British L10A1 is a scatterable antipersonnel mine which is designed to be laid by the Ranger antipersonnel mine laying system. The system is mounted on a FV432 armoured personnel carrier and consist of 72 tubes each loaded with 18 mines, for a total of 1296 mines per load. The mine is a relatively simple pressure initiated, blast antipersonnel mine. When pressure is applied to the top of the mine, the integral fuse is functioned and the mine detonates. The plastic body does provide the mine with a non-metallic construction, but there is sufficient metal in the fuse to make the mine detectable.

 

L9 Antitank Mine

Case Material: Plastic

Length: 1200 mm

Width: 108 mm

Shape: Rectangular

Mine Type: Antitank

Effect: Blast

Total Weight: 10.4 kg

Detectability: Very difficult with hand-held detector, low metal content.

The British L 9 is also known as the barmine because of its distinctive shape. It is a relatively simple, pressure-activated, large, blast antitank mine. The usual fuse can operate both as single and double impulse pressure fuse. New fuses including tilt-rod and influence are being developed. The plastic body does limit the total metal content to fuse components. A copy of the L 9 is made in India as the AT 3A.

 

Mk III (Clam) Limpet Mine

Case Material: Metal

Shape: Rectangular

Mine Type: Limpet

Effect: Blast

Detectability: Visibly detectable.

 

The Mk III limpet mine consists of a rectangular metal body filled with explosives. This limpet has two magnets (one on each end) for attachment to metallic targets. At one end of the mine is an open fuse covered by a metal retaining clip. The mine is designed for sabotage use against ships, fuel tanks, etc., but has frequently been employed by terrorists. The delay fuse utilises a lead delay, which is cut by a spring loaded wire. The cutting of the lead strip allows the striker assembly to initiate the charge.

 

Mk-2 Trip Flare

Case Material: Metal

Shape: Cylindrical

Mine Type: Signal

Effect: None, provides a visual alarm

Total Weight: 0.18 kg

Detectability: Visually detectable due to the tripwire and its stake.

The Mk-2 trip flare is intended to give a warning of infiltration of enemy troops and the illumination of these troops. The mine consists of a flare pot filled with pyrotechnic compound, a picket, and a spring tensioned tripwire attached to the fuse. When the tripwire is activated, the detonator ignites the compound, giving a visual signal and illuminating the surrounding area.

 

Mk-5 H.C. Antitank Mine

Case Material: Metal

Shape: Cylindrical

Mine Type: Antitank

Effect: Blast

Total Weight: 4.0 (G.S.) or 5.7 (H.C.) kg

Detectability: Readily detectable due to metallic case.

This steel-cased landmine may be found in two different models, the Mk-4, G.S. (general service) and the Mk-5, H.C. (higher content). The two mines are identical in appearance and size. The only difference is that the H.C. model has explosives on both sides of the inner wall of the case. The fuse well, located at the top of the centre of the case, is covered with a metal cap seated on a rubber gasket. Both mines may be fitted with either the Mk I or Mk II pressure spider, which is held in place by four slotted metal straps.

 

Mk-7 Antitank Mine

Case Material: Metal

Shape: Cylindrical

Mine Type: Antitank

Effect: Blast

Total Weight: 13.6 kg

Detectability: Readily detectable due to metallic case.

The Mk-7 antitank mine consists of a circular metal housing with a handle attached to the side. The mine body contains the explosive charge and a pressure fuse. The top portion of the mine is slightly domed, rising toward the centre where the fuse well is located. There is a tilt-rod fuse available for the mine. The Mk-7 is a heavy antitank mine containing 8.89 kg of TNT, sufficient for use as a full-width attack antitank mine., Although not often encountered, there is a tiltrod fuse designed for use in this mine.

 

No. 6 Antipersonnel Mine

Case Material: Plastic

Shape: Cylinder

Mine Type: Antipersonnel

Effect: Blast

Total Weight: 0.227 kg

Self Destruction: No

Self Neutralise: No

Detectability: Very difficult (no metallic content if detector

ring is removed).

The British No. 6 is a relatively simple pressure initiated, blast antipersonnel mine. The mine is detonated when pressure is applied to the three pressure prongs of the No. 2 fuse. The mine has a removable detector ring which can be left on the mine to aid in recovery. The plastic body does limit the total metal content to fuse components.

 

No. 7 Antipersonnel Mine

Case Material: Metal

Length:

Width:

Shape: Cylinder

Mine Type: Antipersonnel

Effect: Blast

Total Weight: 0.113 kg

Self Destruction: No

Self Neutralise: No

Detectability: Readily detectable due to metallic case.

The British No. 7, also called the DINGBAT, is a relatively simple pressure initiated, blast antipersonnel mine. The mine is designed to be scattered on the ground, and will function even if the mine is stepped on while upside down. The mine comes with a cloth camouflage cover to hide the mine if there is insufficient time for burial. The metallic construction should make the mine readily detectable by standard mine detectors.

 

No. 75 MK II Antitank Mine

Case Material: Metal

Length: 179 mm

Width: 92 mm

Mine Type: Antitank

Total Weight: 1.350 kg

Self Destruction: No

Self Neutralise: No

Detectability: Readily detectable due to metallic case.

The No 75 Mk II is a simple, pressure-initiated, metal-cased, blast antitank mine. When pressure is applied to the top of the mine, the pressure plate bends and crushes one or both of the chemical fuses. The resulting chemical reaction causes a flame which sets of the booster, and in turn, the mine.

 

Padmine Antipersonnel Mine

Case Material: Plastic

Length: 205 mm

Width: 55 mm

Shape: Rectangular

Mine Type: Antipersonnel

Effect: Directed fragmentation

Total Weight: 1.260 kg

Self Destruction: No

Self Neutralise: No

Detectability: Visually detectable.

The PADMINE is antipersonnel directed fragmentation mine produced by the United Kingdom. This mine is similar to the US M18A1 Claymore mine. The mine uses two pairs swivel scissor legs to support the mine on the ground. The mine itself has a plastic body with a layer of explosive on the concave side of the mine with a sheet consisting of 650 steel balls in front. The approximate lethal range is 50 meters. The PADMINE can be detonated by a conventional tripwire fuse or command detonated.

 

Foreign produced mines in service with UK Armed Forces

 

C3A1 Antipersonnel Mine

Country of Origin: Canada

Manufacturers: Canada

Case Material: Plastic

Shape: Conical

Mine Type: Antipersonnel

Effect: Shaped charge

Total Weight: 0.095 kg

Self Destruction: No

Self Neutralise: No

Detectability: Very difficult with hand-held detector, low metal content.

The C3A1 is a Canadian-produced blast/shape-charge antipersonnel mine. The C3A1 is nicknamed the ELSIE. This mine, incorporates the blast/shape-charge effect. The mine's pointed end is pushed into the ground so as only to expose the top portion of the mine. The shipping plug is removed and the charge assembly with safety clip is inserted into mine the body assembly. Once emplaced into the ground, the safety collar of the mine is removed to arm the mine. Mine will actuate when 7-12 kg force is applied. Upon activation, an explosive charge will detonate sending explosively formed penetrator upward. This mine is in service with the Canadian and British Army. The US and Japanese copy of this mine is called the M25 and Type 67, respectively.

 

AT II Antitank Mine

Country of Origin: Former West Germany

Manufacturers: Former West Germany

Case Material: CRNI steel with EPDM envelope

Shape: Tall cylinder

Mine Type: Antitank

Effect: Shaped-charge

Total Weight: 2.25 kg

Self Destruction: Yes, Six programmable times - 3, 6, 12, 24, 48, 96 hours.

Self Neutralise: No

The AT II mine is an armour-penetrating belly-attack mine that uses a shaped-charge of pressed RDX/TNT weighing 0.85 kg. The mine is cylindrical with a soft vinyl cover. In addition to the explosive train, the system includes an impact sensor, fuse, timer, and lithium battery. The impact sensor determines whether the landing surface is hard or soft. If hard, the mine self-destructs. If soft, the mine deploys righting legs after a 5-second delay. Simultaneously a 500-mm sensor is deployed; its function is to sense vibrations caused by a vehicle belly or track., The AT II is reported to penetrate 15.0 to 20.0 cm of armour. Six selectable self-destruct times are available. Previous descriptions of the AT II include Medusa and Larat II.

 

GIAT Lance Antitank Mine

Country of Origin: France

Manufacturers: France

Case Material:

Shape: Cylindrical

Mine Type: Antitank

Effect: Shaped-charge

Total Weight: 2.34 kg

Self Destruction: Yes

Self Neutralise: No

 

The GIAT Lance mine is a cylindrical antitank mine with a 139-mm diameter, weighing 2.34 kg. The mine is emplaced by means of launching tubes holding five of the Lance mines. Manufactured by GIAT, the system is currently planned for mounting on the French engineer's armoured AMX-30 EGB vehicle. Four of these launching tubes mounted on the AMX-30 vehicle provide the capability to launch 20 mines to 60 to 250 meters., The mines are pre-programmed for self-destruction following launching. The influence fuse operates across the full width of any vehicle heavier than 1500 kg. In the event a track passes over the mine, it will act as a track breaker. Otherwise, the shaped charge will penetrate 50 mm of armour plate at a 50.0-cm stand-off and 60 degree angle of incidence.

 

MIACAH F1 Antitank Mine

Country of Origin: France

Manufacturers: France

Case Material: Sheet steel

Length: 260 mm

Shape: Horizontal cylinder with stand

Mine Type: Antitank

Effect: Shaped-charge

Total Weight: 12.0 kg

Self Destruction: No

Self Neutralise: No

The French MIACAH F1 (Mine Antichar a Action Horizontale Modele F1) is an off-route shaped-charge-propelled projectile designed to attack armoured vehicles from up to 80 meters away. The mine is cylindrical in shape and mounted on an aiming stand with a round base. A remote control unit monitors the system and can arm/disarm the mine as far away as 50 meters. The mine has also been fielded in the UK as the L 14 A1 and in the Netherlands as the NR 29., The MIACAH F1 antitank mine can be utilised in several ways because of the integral electronic initiator. The mine can be command detonated, fitted with its standard 80-meter break wire loop, or used with the IRMAH infrared influence fuse. The IRMAH, adopted in 1978, allows the mine to be used in conditions where terrain, weather, enemy fire, or troop passage precludes use of the fragile break wire. The IRMAH uses the infrared sensor to detect vehicle or armour targets., A training version, the MIACAH XF1, is available. This simulator functions identically to the MIACAH F1 except the main explosive charge is replaced with a marker plug launcher.